Emergency contraception is something that can prevent pregnancy after you’ve had sex that could get you pregnant. For example if you didn’t use any birth control, the condom broke, or you forgot to take your pill. It usually doesn’t work as well as regular birth control.
There are two types of emergency contraception: the morning after pill and the copper IUD. The both work best when you used them as soon as possible.
You can get emergency contraception in Montreal by talking to a doctor, nurse, or pharmacist.
Using emergency contraception is not the same as having an abortion or taking an abortion pill. If you’re already pregnant, emergency contraception won’t affect the pregnancy.
What kinds of morning after pill are there?
The are two types of morning after pill, and each uses a different medication. Both types of pills work by preventing ovulation (releasing an egg). Brands like “Plan B” and “Option 2” use levonorgestrel and “ella” uses acetate to block ovulation. So what’s the difference?
Levonorgesrtel pills (Plan B)….
- Can reduce the risk of pregnancy by up to 75%
- Work best when taken as soon as possible and is most effective when taken within 3 days of having sex. Plan B can still lower the risk of getting pregnant if taken up to 5 days after.
- May not work as well for people who weigh more than 165 lbs (75 kg), especially for those weighing more than 176 lbs (85 kg).
- Doesn’t require a prescription: you can get them at any pharmacy by talked to the pharmacist.
- Costs 30-50$, depending on your insurance.
Ulipristal acetate (ella)…
- Is generally more effective than Plan B: it can reduce the risk of pregnancy by up to 85%.
- Works best when taken as soon as possible, and is effective when taken within 5 days of having sex.
- May not work as well for people with a BMI of over 35. Ella is more effective than Plan B for people over 165 lbs.
- Requires a prescription: you need to see a doctor or nurse before you go to the pharmacy.
- Costs up to 90$, depending on your insurance.
What are the side effects?
Like most medications, emergency contraception pills can have some side effects. These can include:
- abdominal pain
- breast tenderness
- irregular, altered, or heavier menstrual bleeding
Know that if you vomit within 2 hours of taking the pill, it won’t be effective and you’ll have to take it again.
What about the copper IUD?
The copper IUD is another option for emergency contraception. It is a small t-shaped device that is inserted into the uterus. It can stay there for up to 10 years. The copper interferes with the way sperm moves and makes it hard for the sperm to get to an egg and fertilize it. You can get a copper IUD in Montreal by talking to a doctor or nurse. The copper IUD…
- Is very effective. It can reduce the risk of pregnancy by up to 99%.
- Works best when inserted within 5 days of having sex, but can still lower the risk of getting pregnant if it’s inserted up to 7 days after.
- Works well for people of any weight.
- Requires a prescription from a doctor or nurse and then an appointment to have it inserted by a doctor.
- Costs 45$-350$, depending on your insurance.
- Can be used as highly effective birth control for up to 10 years.
The copper IUD has its own set of side effects. This includes pain during and after the insertion, as well as more bleeding and cramping with periods. It can also be hard to get on short notice. So it’s best to start making calls as soon as possible. Some clinics will run an STI test before inserting the IUD.
Emergency contraception methods selection tool – ECEC
This interactive tool tells you which emergency contraception is effective in a variety of conditions. If you’re worried it’s too late to use one or that a condition will make it dangerous or less effective, this tool can help!
Outlines what the morning after pill (emergency contraceptive) is.
Plan B: What to expect
Plan B’s page on what to expect including common and unusual side effects.
What’s Next for Me? – Your Guide to Emergency Contraception Options
This website from the Women’s College Hospital at the University of Toronto can help you pick which type of emergency contraception is best for you. Note that the information about getting emergency contraception and pricing is specific to Ontario.